In order to assess and as far as possible limit the environmental impact, numerous specialist plans and expert opinions are being prepared alongside the technical aspects of the construction project. These are based on the relevant statutory and sub-statutory foundations as well as the environmental guidelines of the Federal Railway Authority.
According to the definitions set forth in Section 2 of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act (Gesetz über die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung), the environmental impact assessment must assess a project’s effects on:
In addition, the project is being examined to determine whether protected and strictly protected species and their habitats are affected. Extensive mapping is planned for this purpose. The relevant species will be defined in a scoping document and the results of the mapping presented in a species conservation report. The ecosystem conflicts and encroachments caused by the project will be investigated and presented in a landscape conservation plan. Ways of minimising and offsetting these encroachments through mitigation, compensation and rehabilitation measures will also be highlighted. The proper handling of contaminated sites in accordance with the Soil Protection Act (Bundesbodenschutzgesetz) and of waste materials in accordance with the Waste Management Act (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz) will be described in a construction and demolition waste usage and disposal plan.
Impacts from noise and vibration will be identified in accordance with the German Pollution Control Act (Bundesimmissionsschutzgesetz). Where the defined limits are exceeded, the requirements for noise and vibration protection will be determined and set out in the planning approval. Information on noise and vibration protection can be found here.